In view of obvious danger of society destabilizing, fight against terrorism is one of the most important directions of state policy of Russia. This imposes higher requirements for the development of an appropriate legislative framework as specific action of public authorities on prevention and combat against terrorism must be carried out within a legal framework. Problem points of foreign legislature include question of securing in the criminal law concepts of extremism, extremist activity, terrorism, terrorist activities and as well determination of disposition of extremist offenses. If initially word jihad (effort) meant protection and fight for the spread of Islam, more recent concepts of Islam distinguishes six types of jihad – from spiritual self-improvement "Jihad an-nafs" (against one’s self), Jihad ash-Shaytan (jihad against Satan), Jihad against the munafiqin (hypocrites) and kuffar (disbelievers), to Jihad against the leaders of oppression. All of the above is in detail researched in the article.
terrorism, extremism, criminal code, crime, law, punishment, society, state policy, nihilism, human rights.