The President of the Republic, the Parliament and the Law in Cameroon following the Constitutional Act of 18 January 1996

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Author Information: 

Candidate for Ph.D. (Law) at the Department of Constitutional and Municipal Law of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia.

Abstract: 

This article deals with the problem of the legislative function within the constitutional law of the republic of Cameroon. Author firstly underlines the great interest attached to this matter. Author shows that there is no definition of the concept of law in the body of the cameroonian constitution. Author believes that law can be defined as «a normative act passed by the parliamentary institution and sanctioned by an enactment of the president of the Republic in view to regulate the institutions and organize the citizens live».   In this paper legislative materials and bicameral logic of the legislative procedure are analyzed. Besides this author focuses on the political and legal actions of the President of Republic and members of parliament within the scope of the legislative function: if the parliament is the constitutional organ in charge of the lawmaking, why and how can be explained the fact that the President of Republic as an ‘’Executive organ’’ also intervenes in the field of the legislative function.

Keywords: 

bills, laws, parliament, lawmaker, president of the Republic, Constitution, the principle of separation of powers, legislative function, legislative matters.

REFERENCES: 

[1] Constitution of the republic of Cameroon, new edition. // Centre for Human Rights United Nations Office at Geneva, Febuary 1996.
[2] Alain Didier Olinga, ‘’La constitution de La République du Cameroun’’, Presses de l’UCAC, les éditions terre africaine, 2006
[3] Alain Ondoa (dir) ‘’ La constitution camerounaise du 18 janvier 1996 – Bilan et perspectives’’ afredit, 2007
[4] Charles Debbasch et al. Droit constitutionnel et institution politiques, 3e édition augmentee et corrigée, éd. Economica, paris, 1990
[5] Declaration of the rights of Man and citizen (French:Déclaration des droits de l'Homme et du citoyen), composed in 1789 during the French Revolution
[6]‘’Les aspects juridiques et politiques de la réforme constitutionnelle du 18 janvier 1996’’- Rapport général (Maurice Engueleguele), colloque des 24 et 25 juillet organisé par le GRAP, avec le concours de l’Association Africaine de Science Poloitique et la Fondation F. Ebert – Yaoundé.
[7] Maurice Cranston ‘’ Introduction to the Social Contract, Penguin Classics, 1968
[8] Serge Vincent ntonga bomba ‘’La procédure législative devant l’Assemblée nationale du Cameroun’’ in Centre Africain de Formation et de Recherche Administratives pour le Développement, 2002 - unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/CAFRAD/